Rodent Borne Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) in Yosemite National Park

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Sin Nombre Hantavirus

Transmission Electron Micrograph Sin Nombre Hantavirus – Image courtesy Cynthisa Goldsmith and Luanne Elliott, CDC US Govt

Hantavirus Treatment and Prognosis

People with hantavirus are admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) where treatments include: oxygen, breathing tube or breathing machine in severe cases, and administration of Ribavirin to treat kidney-related problems and reduce the risk of death.

There is no effective treatment for hantavirus infection in the lungs.

Hantavirus is a serious infection that can rapidly get worse, resulting in lung failure and death.

Possible complications include kidney failure, heart failure, and lung failure.

Despite aggressive treatment, at least half of people with hantavirus in their lungs die.

Current Hantavirus Outbreak Deaths

At least eight people have been infected with Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, and three people have died. As the United States CDC has assured the public, this disease has a self-limiting nature, since no cases of transmission between humans have ever been found.

References

National Institute of Health. National Institute of Health. (2012). Medlineplus. Accessed on September 12, 2012.
NBC News Services. 10,000 at risk of hantavirus in Yosemite Outbreak. (2012). Accessed on September 12, 2012.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. August 2012 – Yosemite National Park Outbreak 2012. Accessed on September 12, 2012.

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